Source code for optuna.importance

from typing import Callable
from typing import Dict
from typing import List
from typing import Optional

from optuna.importance._base import BaseImportanceEvaluator
from optuna.importance._fanova import FanovaImportanceEvaluator
from optuna.importance._mean_decrease_impurity import MeanDecreaseImpurityImportanceEvaluator
from import Study
from optuna.trial import FrozenTrial

__all__ = [

[docs]def get_param_importances( study: Study, *, evaluator: Optional[BaseImportanceEvaluator] = None, params: Optional[List[str]] = None, target: Optional[Callable[[FrozenTrial], float]] = None, ) -> Dict[str, float]: """Evaluate parameter importances based on completed trials in the given study. The parameter importances are returned as a dictionary where the keys consist of parameter names and their values importances. The importances are represented by floating point numbers that sum to 1.0 over the entire dictionary. The higher the value, the more important. The returned dictionary is of type :class:`collections.OrderedDict` and is ordered by its values in a descending order. If ``params`` is :obj:`None`, all parameter that are present in all of the completed trials are assessed. This implies that conditional parameters will be excluded from the evaluation. To assess the importances of conditional parameters, a :obj:`list` of parameter names can be specified via ``params``. If specified, only completed trials that contain all of the parameters will be considered. If no such trials are found, an error will be raised. If the given study does not contain completed trials, an error will be raised. .. note:: If ``params`` is specified as an empty list, an empty dictionary is returned. .. seealso:: See :func:`~optuna.visualization.plot_param_importances` to plot importances. Args: study: An optimized study. evaluator: An importance evaluator object that specifies which algorithm to base the importance assessment on. Defaults to :class:`~optuna.importance.FanovaImportanceEvaluator`. params: A list of names of parameters to assess. If :obj:`None`, all parameters that are present in all of the completed trials are assessed. target: A function to specify the value to evaluate importances. If it is :obj:`None` and ``study`` is being used for single-objective optimization, the objective values are used. .. note:: Specify this argument if ``study`` is being used for multi-objective optimization. For example, to get the hyperparameter importance of the first objective, use ``target=lambda t: t.values[0]`` for the target parameter. Returns: An :class:`collections.OrderedDict` where the keys are parameter names and the values are assessed importances. Raises: :exc:`ValueError`: If ``target`` is :obj:`None` and ``study`` is being used for multi-objective optimization. """ if evaluator is None: evaluator = FanovaImportanceEvaluator() if not isinstance(evaluator, BaseImportanceEvaluator): raise TypeError("Evaluator must be a subclass of BaseImportanceEvaluator.") return evaluator.evaluate(study, params=params, target=target)